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Pre-Health Information

The Pre-Health Advisors are:
*Please notify Dr. Zanin of any problems with this web page.
The Citadel now has two active clubs for pre-health students: The Pre-Health Society focuses on preparation for Medical, Dental, or other Health-Related Professions, and Alpha Epsilon Delta, The Health Preprofessional Honor Society which focuses on volunteer service activities (Contact Dr. Imam for more information).
Important information about pre-health opportunities for Citadel students is available through our CitLearn Group; to join, email Dr. Zanin with your Citadel email address.  You may also "follow" the Pre-Health Facebook Page to get electronic notifications of opportunities, events and Club meetings via your Facebook newsfeed:
Please scroll down, or choose the following links if you need information concerning pre-requisites, becoming an MD physician, becoming a DO physician, veterinary, dental, nursingoptometry, pharmacy, public health , podiatry, medical billing and coding or other health-related professional schools.
New Scholarship for Citadel Pre-Health Students: The Graboyes Family Scholarship provides scholarship awards ($4,000/year) to support a student or students believed to possess those attributes of ability, character, temperament, and personality that are in accord with the traditionally high standards of The Citadel. First preference is for a student or students who intend to pursue a career in medicine and who have demonstrated financial need. In the event that a recipient decides to pursue a different career, the scholarship may be continued until his or her graduation. This last consideration is to permit flexibility in career choice and to mitigate a recipient feeling compelled to pursue a career in medicine simply to continue receiving the scholarship.  Contact The Office of Financial Aid & Scholarships to apply.
Accelerated Entry to MUSC (3+4) ProgramThe Citadel Biology Department is excited to announce that we have officially entered into an agreement with MUSC for accelerated entry for Biology majors into medical or dental school. 
The following web sites will provide you with information concerning these various health professions and what you will need to get in. Additional information is provided in two locations on campus: The third floor corridor of Duckett Hall houses a bookcase full of Pre-Health Information, and the third floor corridor of Bond Hall houses a bulletin board posted with important notifications and information. Apply early; many schools use rolling admissions, meaning that the earlier you apply, the better your chance of being accepted.
Applying to medical or dental school can be overwhelming.  White Coat Strategists is a consulting firm that will mentor you through the entire process, so that you can put your best foot forward.  Learn more here.
Suggested Resume Template, by Nicholas Slater
Prepare for Interviews:
Pre-Med Handbook from Atlantis - has good interview prep advice, see pp. 40-52.
Practice your Interview via the Career Center: Look under Online Resources for "Interview Stream"
Learn about the interview questions used by various schools. Choose a school, under "Interview Feedback" choose "View Survey Results" then scroll down to the bottom of the survey data and choose "Questions"
Writing a Personal Statement:
For PA School (tips apply to other applications too)
Letters of Recommendation:

Pre-Dental? Info from ADEA


  1. Info from AMCAS
  2. Info from AACOMAS 
  3. Using Interfolio to Submit Letters to TMDSAS
  4. AAMC Guidelines for Letter Writers
Pre-Health Professions Committee (PHPC): Requesting Committee Letters from The Citadel PHPC or from other Referees
Applying In-State vs. Out-of-State Most private schools give no preference to in-state students, but many public schools accept very few from out-of-state. Criteria for in-state classification vary by institution, sometimes even within the same state. If you are not sure what is required by a particular college to be designated with in-state residency, you must consult their web site or contact their "Residency Officer." Having an in-state driver’s license and voter registration card is a good start.
Volunteer and Enrichment Opportunities for now or for a "Gap" year after graduation:
Project Horseshoe Farm - Project Horseshoe Farm is a 501(c)3  community based non-profit organization in Greensboro, Alabama.
Looking for clinical and shadowing experience? MUSC's CARE free health clinic in Mt. Pleasant is looking for volunteers. Contact Matt Holt ( for more information.
Master of Science in Medical Sciences at MUSC - one year program designed to prepare students for Medical, Dental, and other Professional Schools
Master of Science in Biomedical Sciences at MUSC - two year program
How do I shadow a doctor?
Pre-Health Mentorship Program NEW: find a health professional to serve as your mentor.
SCRUBS Healthcare Mentor Program at Roper Hospital in Charleston
Biomedical Research at NIH (after graduation)
MedEx Academy at Greenville Health System: explore health careers and gain clinical experience.  Apply
Pre Veterinary Students: Volunteer at Bees Ferry Veterinary Hospital (3422 Shelby Ray Ct. | Charleston, SC 29414).  Contact Marshall at 843.769.6784
Earn a Masters Degree in Medical Science in one year. - this is just one example, other such Masters Programs exist all over the coutry; to find others, simple do an internet search for "Master in Medical Science" and/or "Master in Biomedical Science."
Enrichment Opportunities Abroad: Please read the guidelines below before participating in mission trips and health outreach abroad. Pre-Health students are not licensed practitioners, and it is unethical and unsafe for them to practice medicine in another country, even if that country does not restrict medical practice.
Project Okurase: scroll down
Reading for Enrichment:

Scholarship Opportunities
HPSP Army ScholarshipsSFC Owens, Cell number: (404) 808-7021, Office number: (843)5777-3425, Email:   .  The MCAT score for automatic acceptance into the HPSP program is currently set at 507
HPSP Navy Scholarships: Contact Lt. Deskin at 843-412-6721 or 919-835-5820, and she can answer your questions
Sherry R. Arnstein Minority Student Scholarship Osteopathic Medical School Scholarship for African-American; Native American, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian; mainland Puerto Rican, or Hispanic Students
Indian Health Service Scholarship Program for American Indians and Alaska Natives provides financial support in exchange for a minimum two-year service commitment within an Indian health program in your chosen health professional discipline.
NHSC Scholarship Program Non-military scholarships for health-professional students who want to go into primary care and are willing to serve in a high-need community. The program pays tuition and fees and provides a living stipend to students enrolled in accredited medical (M.D. or D.O.), dental, nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, or physician assistant training.
NHSC Loan Repayment Program (LRP) offers fully trained primary care physicians (M.D. or D.O.), family nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, physician assistants, dentists, dental hygienists, and certain mental health clinicians $60,000 to repay student loans in exchange for two years serving in a community-based site in a high-need HPSA that has applied to and been approved by the NHSC as a service site.
Programs for Disadvantaged Students:
Summer Health Professions Education Program (SHPEP) - increase your chance of acceptance with this free program
Fossil Energy Research Internships for females and minorities
MUSC's SM3 Program: Pre-Health Mentors for Minorities
For Native Americans:
University of North Dakota School of Medicine accepts a number of Native American students each year
University of Oklahoma's College of Medicine accepts a number of Native American students each year
You have done great things; make sure to describe your activities well when you apply.  The selection committee needs to know what your awards and positions entailed.  Take time to explain your leadership roles.  Polish all written resposes the way you polished your brass as a knob; make them shine.  If you are applying to Uniformed Services University, be sure to emphasize your military experience here at The Citadel, and wear your uniform when you interview there. 
Science and Math Pre-Requisites to Take Before Applying:
Most medical schools require or recommend the following undergraduate science and math courses: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Organic Chemistry, Calculus, and Biochemistry. Some additional coursework may be required for some medical schools; check with each school to get its exact list of prerequisites.
For the Four SC Medical Schools:
  1. MUSC – “Although no prerequisite courses are required, most successful applicants to this medical school complete two semesters of the following courses prior to matriculating: general biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, and physics. Other courses that have been shown to be of value are: anatomy, cell biology, embryology, genetics and physiology.”
  2. USC SOM (Columbia)  
  3. USC SOM-Greenville 
  4. VCOM-Carolinas (This is a DO school in Spartanburg)
Post-Baccalaureate Programs offer students who were able to complete all prerequisites in college the opportunity to take the required science courses prior to applying to medical school or to other Pre-Health Graduate Programs. Graduates of Post-Baccalaureate Programs typically enjoy high success in Medical School admissions. You can search available programs by various criteria at this AAMC web site: Search Postbac Programs. Also, if you want to be enlisted in the military, this is a good option: Enlisted to Medical Degree Preparatory Program (EMDP2) .
For Reapplicants: If you need to Boost your science GPA or improve your MCAT scores, many schools now offer one-year Masters in Biomedical Science programs that are designed to help students transition into medical/dental/veterinary school. Just search "masters biomedical science" to find a program suited to you. 
MD-PhD or DO-PhD Programs 
To find the various DO-PhD Programs, simple search the web with the keywords "Do PhD Program" 
The Gateways to the Laboratory Program is highlighted by the NIH as one of the top ten summer programs for underrepresented and disadvantaged students interested in MD-PhD dual degrees.  Applications and more information for the Gateways to the Laboratory Summer Program for Pre-MD-PhD students may be found here.
Pre-Medical Information
The AAMC's "Pre-med Navigator" is a monthly e-newsletter that includes information, resources, tips, and important dates for pre-meds.
Medical School to become an MD physician (Allopathic Medicine):
Association of American Medical Colleges (see "Medical Schools" in left hand column for detailed information concerning medical schools in each state)
What is the Early Decision Program (EDP)? - choose "Early Decision Program" from the lefthand menu
Good news for Citadel Cadets: The MUSC College Of Medicine Admissions committee uses the Barron’s Profiles of American Colleges competitiveness rankings of undergraduate schools to adjust applicants’ undergraduate GPA. The Citadel is ranked as a ‘competitive school’ so graduates receive a GPA boost of .19. Graduates of The Citadel Honors College receive a GPA ‘boost’ of .34 to their overall GPA.
Medical School to become a DO physician (Osteopathic Medicine):
Find a DO to shadow - just fill in your zip code and the system will return a list of DOs to contact
News and Events in Osteopathic Medical Education: Due to a new shared GME accreditation process, graduates from DO programs will use the same residency match system as those from MD programs.
International Medical Schools: Generally we do not recommend students attend medical school abroad; however, there are a few International Medical Schools that qualify for Federal Student Aid and have fairly good records for students passing board exams and getting residency placements.  When it comes to these schools our advice is "buyer beware." Do your homework before you apply.  A few of the better options are listed below.
Other Medical School Information:
MCAT Preparation:
When should I take the MCAT?
How should I study for the MCAT?
MCAT (registration information, purchase practice tests, etc.)
Free MCAT Prep from Khan Academy - There are 4 links to various types of practice questions at the top, and below that are links to lectures on the various “Foundational Concepts”
The WikiPremed MCAT Course offers free/open access online study materials with an option to purchase printed materials.
Kaplan , The Citadel now has a contract with Kaplan for big discounts on MCAT and LSAT prep courses. Pricing info is on the drop-down menu called "Kaplan Course Selection."  The part about meeting with the career center is important. Click here to apply.
Princeton Review
AnkiApp (flashcards on your phone)
Firecrackers MCAT Prep and YouTube Sample - practice questions and links to content resources.
UWorld MCAT Prep Discount for Citadel Students:  “UWorld” is an MCAT Prep company that offers an interactive question bank that has given many students improved MCAT scores.  Dr. Imam has negotiated a discount price for Citadel students; the cost will be $279 for 360 days of access. (The normal cost is $319.)
Pre-Dental Information:
ADEA Official Guide to Dental Schools contains requirements and stats for all US Dental Schools
MUSC, Student National Dental Association's Impressions Program is held each summer. Participants will learn about Dental School and the application process; they also participate in dental labs. For more information call Jami Cokley at 843-792-6874 or visit the SNDA Facebook Page.
Veterinary Medicine:
The American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) provides information and a central application service, the VMCAS. Not all schools use the central application service.
GRE is the standardized test Pre-Vet students must take
Visit the VMCAS Facebook Page for Pre-Veterinary Students
Volunteer at Bees Ferry Veterinary Hospital (3422 Shelby Ray Ct. | Charleston, SC 29414).  Contact Marshall at 843.769.6784
MUSC College of Health Professions: Information Sessions are held every semester in the College of Health Professions at the Medical University of South Carolina. Optional campus tours will begin one hour before the information session. The info sessions for the spring semester will be held on Thursday, February 19th at 5pm and Friday, March 20th at 2pm. The info sessions for the summer semester will be held on Friday, June 26th at 2pm and Thursday, July 16th at 5pm. Click here to register for a session.

Anesthesia for Nurses (CRNA) at MUSC

Physicians Assistants:
Free PA Program Directory - Official resource from The Physician Assistant Education Association, contains pertinent information about all PA programs
MUSC's Physician Assistant Program
ASPIRE - Pre-PA Students Society: Pre-PA SCAPA, benefits include: admission to “Becoming a PA” panel at our Annual Fall Conference • Quarterly newsletter, announcements, and events, full of information about entering our amazing profession (Download Brochure)
PA programs often require or recommend at least 1,000 hours of health care experience prior to admission.
Apply for a shadowing opportunity with a PA mentor.
CASPA: Centralized Online Application Service for PA Programs
Paying for Nursing School:
  • The NURSE Corps Scholarship Program - a selective program of the U.S. Government that helps alleviate the critical shortage of nurses currently experienced by certain types of health care facilities located in Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs). Upon graduation, NURSE Corps Scholarship recipients work at these facilities for at least two years, earning the same competitive salary and benefits as any new hire.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing look under the "Students" tab for helpful information
How to become a nurse from Marcia Boynton, Adrian College, Michigan
Standardized Test to enter Nursing School:Here is info about the TEAS V test: and
How to earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree after graduating from The Citadel: Accelerated baccalaureate programs offer the quickest route to licensure as a registered nurse (RN) for adults who have already completed a bachelor's or graduate degree in a non-nursing discipline. Fast-track/accelerated baccalaureate programs take between 11 and 18 months to complete, including prerequisites.
Master's Level Entry to become a nurse after graduating with a non-nursing degree from The Citadel:
Scholarships for Nursing Students - this for-profit web service has some good links to scholarship information
Become a Family Nurse Practicioner (FNP) - after becoming a nurse you may take a fully online program at the University of Southern California
Optometry School: For information about Optometry School, you may visit the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO).
Naturopathic Health Care:
A licensed naturopathic doctor (ND) attends a four-year, graduate-level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an MD, but also studies holistic and nontoxic approaches to therapy with a strong emphasis on disease prevention and optimizing wellness. In addition to a standard medical curriculum, the naturopathic physician also studies clinical nutrition, homeopathic medicine, botanical medicine, psychology, and counseling. A naturopathic physician takes rigorous professional board exams so that he or she may be licensed by a state or jurisdiction as a primary care general practice physician. Additional information on naturopathic schools can be found on the American Association of Naturopathic Medical Colleges Web site.
Be sure to apply to CCE accredited programs - The Council on Chiropractic Education

Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Be sure to attend a CAA accredited program
Public Health:
Genetic Counseling 
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