The purpose of this website is to locate and describe former freshwater
tidal rice fields in coastal South Carolina. Inland, non-tidal fields
are not included.
When an individual field has been located, a data sheet appears that
includes a vegetation map, plant community cover areas, total area, ownership,
plantation name, tax map number, water control status and for most, a
recent low level oblique aerial photo.
Vegetation maps and areas were determined from 1999 National Aerial Photography
Program color infrared aerial photos using image analysis software (Erdas
Definitions and abbreviations to describe habitats/plant community types
used on the data sheets include:
- Water = Open water with or without Submerged Aquatic
e.g., Hydrilla, Potamogeton (pondweed) and Cabomba (fanwort).
Occurs in deeper subtidal areas.
- FLV = Floating Leaf Vegetation;
e.g., Ludwigia (primrose), Eichornia (water hyacinth) and Polygonum
Occurs in shallower subtidal areas.
- ITEM = Intertidal Emergent Marsh;
e.g., Zizaniopsis (white marsh), Pontederia (pickerelweed) and Peltandra
Occurs in lower intertidal areas.
- Trees = Trees in scattered stands with ITEM understory
(Developing Swamp Forest – DSF) or closed canopy stands with little
or no ITEM (Swamp Forest – SF);
e.g., Acer (red maple), Nyssa (gum), Salix (willow) and Taxodium (cypress).
Occurs in higher intertidal areas.
- “Open” – describes water control
status and means dikes with breaches and no water control.
- “Closed” - describes water control status
and means dikes intact. Functionality of water control structures unknown.
- “Impounded” - describes water control
status and means dikes intact and field with functional water control
- “TMS#” - county tax map number.
- Plantation Names - follow the references listed
- Suzanne Cameron Linder. 1995. Historical Atlas of the
Rice Plantations of the Ace River Basin - 1860. [Columbia,
South Carolina] : Published by the South Carolina Dept. of Archives
& History for the Archives and History Foundation, Ducks Unlimited,
and The Nature Conservancy, 1995.
- Suzanne Cameron Linder and Marta Leslie Thacker. 2001. The
Historical Atlas of the Rice Plantations of Georgetown County and
the Santee River. Columbia, S.C. : Published by the South
Carolina Department of Archives and History for the Historic Ricefields
Association Inc., [2001?]