The Citadel

The Military College of South Carolina


Dr. Fred Holland

holland1Professional Positions:
Director – Hollings Marine Laboratory, NOAA. 2001-2008.
Director - Marine Resources Research Institute, S.C. Department of Natural Resources. 1991-2001.
Senior Scientist & Vice President – Versar Inc. & Martin Marietta Environmental Systems, Baltimore, MD. 1974-1991.

Professional Experience:
Dr. Holland retired in 2008 with over 40 years of technical and management experience in environmental sciences. His technical experience includes the design and implementation of monitoring and research programs linking human activities and estuarine ecological condition. He co-authored a publication for the National Academy of Sciences entitled "Managing Troubled Waters" that reviewed the status of marine and estuarine monitoring systems and developed recommendations for improving them. As a part of his interests in environmental assessment activities Dr. Holland assisting with designing and implementing regional and national marine monitoring programs throughout the U.S.

Dr. Holland’s research focused on defining the linkages between the condition of the coastal landscape and the quality of the marine environment including impacts land use change had on human health and well-being. Most of this research was directed toward obtaining the science required to develop habitat quality criteria, monitoring strategies and comprehensive land use plans for the coastal zone including technology for forecasting the consequences of land use and climate change on coastal ecosystems. As a part of this work, Dr. Holland demonstrated that changes in land use associated with sprawling coastal development adversely affected the physical, chemical and biological processes associated with coastal ecosystems, particularly tidal creeks and other fishery nursery habitats. The adverse effects observed included not only changes in water and sediment quality but also included altered food webs, declines in the abundance of harvested biota including fish and shrimp, and loss of critical ecological services, such as storm surge flood protection and flooding. Poorly planned coastal development also impaired the ability of humans to swim in the water and eat seafood products.

Dr. Holland also participated in assessments of power plant operations on the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and much of the Northeastern US from 1974-1991. A major component of Dr. Holland’s power plant experience was development of Maryland regulations for assessing power plant environmental impacts. As a part of these efforts Dr. Holland participated in preparing An Environmental Atlas of the Potomac Estuary, and Monitoring for Management Actions. These books summarize and integrate environmental data collected by state, federal, and industrial institutions into information used by decision makers, resource managers and regional planners for managing the Chesapeake Bay.

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