The Citadel

The Military College of South Carolina

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General Mark W. Clark, USA, Ret (1954-1965)

Mark Clark, The Citadel

Mark Clark was born in Madison Barrack, New York in 1896. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1917 and served in France during World War I.

In World War II, before the Allied invasion of North Africa, General Clark, as Deputy Commander in Chief of the Allied Forces in the North African Theater, made a secret and hazardous trip to Algeria on the submarine SERAPH to gather intelligence for the landing.

In 1943, General Mark Clark became Commanding General of the 5th Army in Italy, and in 1944, he assumed command of the 15th Army Group, consisting of all the Allied Forces in Italy.

In 1945, General Clark was chief of U.S. Occupation Forces in Austria and U.S. High Commissioner for Austria. As Deputy to the U.S. Secretary of State, he negotiated a treaty for Austria with the Council of Foreign Ministers.

As commander in chief of the United Nations Command, General Clark in 1953 signed a military armistice between the United Nations Command, and the North Korean Army and the Chinese People's Volunteers in Korea.

In 1953, General Clark accepted the Presidency of The Citadel, where he served for twelve years. After retirement, he was named President Emeritus of the college. General Clark died in 1984 and is buried on The Citadel campus next to Mark Clark Hall.

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