CHARLESTON, S.C.(Jan. 19)--Maj. Gen. T. Eston Marchant, recently retired adjutant general of the South Carolina Army and Air National Guard, will be honored at a dress parade of the Corps of Cadets at 3:45 p.m. on Friday, Jan. 27, at Summerall Field. Marchant will be recognized for his dedicated military service to the state of South Carolina and the nation, which has spanned more than 55 years.
The Citadel's Board of Visitors and Brig. Gen. Stanhope Spears, Marchant's successor, will attend the dress parade. Marchant served as an ex- officio member of the Board of Visitors during the 16 years he commanded the state's 14,500-member Army and Air National Guard.
"The Citadel is a unique and outstanding institution and it has been a real pleasure to serve as an ex-officio member of the Board of Visitors," said Marchant. "I am honored to be given the opportunity to review the Corps of Cadets at The Citadel dress parade," said Marchant.
A native of Columbia, Marchant was graduated from the University of South Carolina, earning a bachelor of science degree in business administration in 1942 and a law degree after his service in World War II.
Marchant enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) in Jan. 1942. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve in Aug. 1942 and rose to the rank of captain, serving during World War II and participating in the Bougainville, New Georgia, Guam and Iwo Jima campaigns, as a rifle platoon commander, rifle company commander and Battalion S-2.
Marchant was commissioned a second lieutenant in the South Carolina Army National Guard in Feb. 1947, and served as an aide to the commanding general of the 51st Infantry Division. He was later assigned to the division staff. During this period he was promoted to first lieutenant, captain and major. In 1961, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and assigned as division provost marshal.
Marchant was promoted to colonel in 1968, and became commandant of the Palmetto Military Academy, the South Carolina Army National Guard's Officer Candidate School. He assumed command of the 2nd Brigade, 30th Infantry Division in June 1972, and was promoted to brigadier general in 1973, serving as assistant division commander, 30th Infantry Division and later as commander of Troop Command, South Carolina Army National Guard.
Marchant was elected adjutant general in the 1978 general election and took office Jan. 10, 1979. South Carolina is the only state that elects its National Guard commander. He was promoted to major general in May 1979. Marchant was re-elected adjutant general three consecutive terms. He served as president of the Adjutants' General Association of the United States from 1990- 92, and as a member of the Executive Council of the National Guard Association from 1987 to his retirement.
Prior to becoming adjutant general of South Carolina, Marchant practiced law for 30 years in Columbia, and served on the Board of Trustees of the
University of South Carolina for 13 years, serving the final eight years as
chairman. He was selected the 1990 South Carolinian of the Year