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Study the Past. Lead the Future.
D-Day Normandy Invasion of 1944
Study the Past. Lead the Future.
Naval Fleet

Online Course Descriptions

Citadel Master of Arts in Military History Online

Course Name

Course Description

MLTH 500: Methods and the Historiography of Military History

Three Credit Hours

This course introduces the methodologies of military history and the nature of historical sources pertaining to warfare (e.g., archaeological, geophysical, archival, and technological).  It also introduces students to the broader questions, historiographical debates, and epistemological questions regarding the study of war and militaries as institutions.

MLTH 501: Strategic Thinkers and Military Intellectuals

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the masters of the military art and key military strategists and intellectuals throughout history, including Thucydides, Sun Tzu, Machiavelli, Jomini, Clausewitz, Mahan, Douhet, Eisenhower, and Mao Zedong.  It introduces students to the theories and practices of war; the interrelationships among politics, strategy, technology, and society; and current thought on the future of war.

MLTH 502: Leadership in the Crucible of War

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the long history of military leadership in world history, from the Greeks, Romans, and Chinese to the 21st century. For centuries, discussions of Great Captains have begun with the signal commanders of Western Antiquity: Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and the like, but used them in comparative studies to draw conclusions about the nature of military leadership. It will examine leadership across time and the different ranks, while also placing leadership within societal contexts. This course considers models and exemplars of military leadership at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels across select epochs in history, from warrior-kings and four-stars to centurions and lieutenants.

MLTH 503: U.S. Military History

Three Credit Hours

This course examines patterns in U.S. military history from the colonial era to the present day.  Significant attention is placed on operational military history and the larger strategic, political, social, and cultural conditions that have shaped American military history. The course also highlights how and why Americans have waged war; the common soldier’s experience, uniforms, and weaponry in different conflicts; civil-military considerations; and the dynamic ways that technology has affected warfare. 

MLTH 504: Non-Western Military History

Three Credit Hours

This course examines military history in the non-western world in Africa, the Americas, the Middle East, and Asia. While significant attention will be devoted to operational history and larger issues of strategy, the course will examine how and why these societies waged war.  It will also explore the experience of warfare throughout the non-western world as it affected native peoples, common soldiers, and military institutions.


MLTH 511: Greco-Roman Warfare

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the waging of war in the ancient Mediterranean, particularly among the Greeks and Romans, from the era of the Trojan War to the heyday of the Roman Empire. It addresses cultural attitudes toward war, military service, and violence, the institutions that supported the waging of war and raising of armies, the actual progress of campaigns and battles, the impact of plunder and war losses on ancient societies, and the role of technological and tactical innovations in the changing practice of war. It also considers in what ways or to what extent the warfare of the Greeks and Romans represents the heritage of modern war. 

MLTH 512: Hundred Years’ War

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the nature, significance, and consequences of the Hundred Years’ War (ca 1337 to 1453) between England and France.  It examines the strategies, organization, weaponry, and leadership of the English and French armies during military operations, as well as the interplay of tactics and topography at the decisive battles of Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt.

MLTH 514: American Revolution

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the origins and consequences of the American Revolution, paying particular attention to the War for American Independence (1775-1783); comparative leadership of American and British forces; the salient role of George Washington and his definition of the Continental Army; the principal campaigns and battles of the war; the naval and international diplomatic aspects of the war; irregular warfare involving rebels, loyalists, and Indians; and the relationships between the Revolution and broader patterns of civil-military relations.

MLTH 516: American Civil War

Three Credit Hours

This course will examine the military history of the Civil War.  In so doing it will discuss those factors and people that influenced and shaped the conduct of war in the middle of the nineteenth century.  Although there will be an emphasis upon strategic, operational, and tactical military history, the course will also explore the experience of combat, logistics, technological innovation, POWs, and the importance of naval operations upon the outcome of the war.

MLTH 519: World War II in Europe and Africa

Three Credit Hours

This course will examine the European and African theaters of World War II. The class will examine the causes of the conflict and the course of its military campaigns. The course will devote attention to air, land, and naval combat. The class will ultimately place the events and consequences of the war in the context of the military, diplomatic, and political history of the twentieth century.

MLTH 524: The Global Cold War

Three Credit Hours

The Cold War was arguably the twentieth century’s most significant long-term conflict. This course takes an international perspective on its varied causes and consequences in Europe, the Americas, Asia, and the Middle East. We will explore diplomatic relations between several nations during this era and the many effects the Cold War had on these nations’ citizens, including the American military-industrial “complex,” the Soviet gulag, and “client” regimes in the developing world. Major topics will include U.S.-Soviet relations and nuclear diplomacy; wars in Korea, Vietnam, and Latin America; crises in Berlin, Budapest, Prague, and Cuba; decolonization and the rise of the “Third World”; “the containment doctrine”; espionage and McCarthyism; and the (surprising) end of the Cold War.

MLTH 525: Global War on Terrorism

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the US and international military campaigns against global terrorism in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks.  Attention is given to the historical origins of Islamic terrorism, and the rise of al-Qaeda, ISIS, and other terrorist organizations, their ideologies, and their methods.  The military campaigns in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom); Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom), and the Levant (Operation Inherent Resolve) will be examined, in a broader political-military context of state-building, counterinsurgency strategies, and counterterrorism efforts.

MLTH 526: Arab-Israeli Conflict

Three Credit Hours

A study of the turbulent history between the Arab countries of the Middle East and the state of Israel. The course will cover the rise of the World Zionist Organization, the impact of WWI and WWII diplomacy on the topic, the creation of the state of Israel, the impact of the state of Israel on the Palestinian people, the various wars and conflicts that have emerged between the Arab states and Israel, as well as the first and second Intifada in the occupied territories, the U.S. role in the conflict, and the impact of the Arab-Israeli conflict on terrorism. The course will cover a period roughly from 1900 to the present.

MLTH 550: History of War and Society in China

Three Credit Hours

This course charts war and violence in China from the Bronze to the Nuclear Age.  It would include topics such as chariot warfare, the emergence of infantry armies and the crossbow, professional generals and their manuals on military strategies and tactics, warfare against the nomads, farmer-soldiers and agricultural garrisons, knight-errantry and revenge killings, banditry, piracy, the development of firearms, peasant rebellions and secret societies, martial arts, the Boxer Rebellion, Warlordism, the Red Army and the Jiangxi Soviet, the War of Resistance against the Japanese, Chinese intervention in the Korean War,  the military suppression of the Tian’anmen protests, and the modernization of the People's Liberation Army.

MLTH 556: War and Society in the Age of Total War

Three Credit Hours

Examines the social, economic, cultural, and political dynamics of the home fronts in Europe during World War I and World War II.

MLTH 557: The Double-V Campaign: African-Americans in World War II

Three Credit Hours

This course examines the Double-V Campaign that was waged by African Americans during World War II—victory abroad and at home--and how African Americans mobilized an enduring social movement.

MLTH 559: The Modern Middle East

Three Credit Hours

A survey of Middle East history with an emphasis upon those events that provide historical background and context for current affairs in the region. It covers from around 1800 to the present, with an emphasis on the twentieth- and twenty-first centuries, beginning with the decline of the Ottoman Empire, and on to the impact of WWI and WWII, Zionism, the rise of modern Middle East states, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Arab nationalism, the rise of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism.

MLTH 600: Capstone Seminar

Three Credit Hours

The Capstone Seminar creates a cumulative program experience designed to synthesize student knowledge and apply it towards a major research endeavor in a chosen field of study.  Students are expected to demonstrate analytical, research, and writing skills as they produce an essay of significant length.

MLTH 601-602:  Master’s Thesis

Three Credit Hours (each)

These courses enable students to produce a deeply researched and publication-ready work of historical scholarship on a chosen topic of interest.

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