Equal Employment Opportunity and Non-Discrimination Laws
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended in 1972, 1978 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991
The most prominent source of anti-bias employment rules is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It forbids discrimination in all areas of the employer-employee relationship, from advertisement for new employees through termination or retirement, on the basis of race, color, sex (including pregnancy, childbirth, or abortion), religion, or national origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 included additional provisions to Title VII reversing or reinforcing certain U.S. Supreme Court decisions, damages for intentional discrimination and removal of exemptions for previously exempted employees of elected officials.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990/Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA) of 2008
The Americans with Disabilities Acts protect qualified applicants and employees with disabilities from discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, job training, fringe benefits, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment on the basis of disability. The law also requires that covered entities provide qualified applicants and employees with disabilities with reasonable accommodations that do not impose undue hardship.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended, protects applicants and employees 40 years of age or older from discrimination on the basis of age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, terms, conditions or privileges of employment.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
In addition to sex discrimination prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, as amended, prohibits sex discrimination in payment of wages to women and men performing substantially equal work in the same establishment.
Federal Laws Requiring Affirmative Action
Executive Order 11246
The Executive Order 11246, as amended prohibits job discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin and requires affirmative action to ensure equality of opportunity in all aspects of employment.
Executive Order 13672
The Executive Order 13672, revises the language of Executive Order 11246 by substituting the phrase “sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or national origin” for “sex or national origin”.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, prohibits job discrimination because of handicap and requires affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified individuals with handicaps who, with reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of a job.
Vietnam Era and Special Disabled Veterans
38 U.S.C. 4212 of the Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 prohibits job discrimination and requires affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified Vietnam era veterans and qualified special disabled veterans.
Student Focused Non-Discriminatory Regulations
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act
In addition to the protection of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, no person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal Financial Assistance.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Retaliation against a person who files a charge of discrimination, participates in an investigation, or opposes an unlawful employment practice is prohibited by Federal laws and by The Citadel policy. Any person who believes he or she has been discriminated against based on the reasons listed above should immediately contact the Office of Diversity and Equal Employment Opportunity at firstname.lastname@example.org or 843-953-6989.